Today marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Leonard Rose (1918-1984), one of the greatest cellists of the twentieth century.
Born in Washington, D.C. into a family of Ukrainian immigrants, Rose joined Arturo Toscanini’s NBC Symphony Orchestra as associate principal cellist at the age of 20. At 21 he became principal cellist of the Cleveland Orchestra. In 1943, at age 26, he accepted the same position with the New York Philharmonic. In 1951 he left the orchestra to pursue a solo career.
Leonard Rose is also remembered as one of the most important cello teachers. As his New York Times obituary noted,
He taught at the Juilliard School of Music from 1947 until his death, and at the Curtis Institute from 1952 until 1962. At one point, four of the cellists in the Philadelphia Orchestra, five in the New York Philharmonic, six in the Cleveland Orchestra and seven in the Boston Symphony Orchestra had been proteges of Mr. Rose. Erich Leinsdorf used to refer to the Boston cellists as the ”Rose section.” Other pupils included Lynn Harrell and Yo-Yo Ma.
As a member of the Richmond Symphony, I have been fortunate to catch a glimpse of Leonard Rose’s legacy through the rich, opulent tone and exemplary musicianship of our principal cellist, Neal Cary, who was a student of Rose.Here are five of Leonard Rose’s recordings:
Rose is remembered for his interpretation of Schelomo: Rhapsodie Hébraïque for Violoncello and Orchestra by Swiss-born American composer, Ernest Bloch (1880-1959). Bloch provided the piece’s inspiration in his program notes:
For years I’ve had sketches for the book of Ecclesiastes that I wanted to put into music…if you will, the cello can be imagined to be the reincarnated voice of King Solomon, while the orchestra’s more complex voice belongs to his time, his world…to his experience. The cello represents a meditative voice, tragically alone.
I believe our experience of this music becomes deeper when we forget about the kind of historical references Bloch outlines. What we hear, instead, is a deeper and more timeless mournfulness- perhaps “a lament of the dead.”
In this 1961 recording, Rose is accompanied by Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra:
Brahms: Piano Trio No. 1
In 1961, Rose joined violinist Isaac Stern and pianist Eugene Istomin in forming the celebrated Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio. Describing the chamber group of giants, Rose said
We are three major personalities, three prima donnas, yet we have to blend and give and come to a common understanding…One does not impose his personality on the rest; we arrive at mutually acceptable decisions.
This performance was filmed in Paris in 1974:
J.S. Bach: Sonatas For Viola Da Gamba and Harpsichord
A 1974 album features a Bach collaboration with pianist Glenn Gould. Here is the final movement of Sonata No. 1 in G Major, BWV 1027:
Tchaikovsky: Variations on a Rococo Theme
The classical elegance of Mozart was Tchaikovsky’s inspiration to write his virtuosic “Rococo Variations” for cello and orchestra. Here is Rose’s 1956 performance with George Szell and the New York Philharmonic:
Dvořák: Cello Concerto
We’ll finish up with Rose’s 1964 recording of the Dvořák Cello Concerto with Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra:
- Bloch: Schelomo: Rhapsodie Hébraïque for Violoncello and Orchestra, Leonard Rose, Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra iTunes
- Brahms: Piano Trios No. 1, 2, and 3, Eugene Istomin, Isaac Stern, Leonard Rose Amazon
- J.S. Bach: Sonatas For Viola Da Gamba and Harpsichord, Glenn Gould, Leonard Rose Amazon
- Tchaikovsky: Variations on a Rococo Theme for Cello and Orchestra op. 33 Amazon
- Dvořák: Cello Concerto in B minor, Op. 104, Leonard Rose, Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra iTunes
- a cello lesson with Leonard Rose (1978)