Borodin’s String Trio in G Minor: Variations on a Russian Folk Song

Alexander Borodin’s String Trio in G minor for two violins and cello unfolds in a single brief movement. Composed in 1855, it is a set of eight variations on a once popular Russian folk song, Chem tebya ya ogorchila (“What have I done to hurt you?”).

A single violin begins the melancholy theme and is joined soon in a canon by the other two instrumental voices. Each variation opens the door to a new and distinct musical landscape. Flowing lines give way to reverberant pizzicati and bagpipe drones. The piece ends with the same quiet, heartfelt canonic lament with which it began.


  • Borodin: String Trio in G minor, Moscow String Quartet Amazon

Featured Image: “Illumination on the Moika Embankment in St. Petersburg” (1856), Vasily Sadovnikov

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

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