“Three Manhattan Bridges:” Michael Torke’s Valentine to New York

The George Washington Bridge over the Hudson is the most beautiful bridge in the world. Made of cables and steel beams, it gleams in the sky like a reversed arch. It is blessed. It is the only seat of grace in the disordered city. It is painted an aluminum color and, between water and sky, you see nothing but the bent cord supported by two steel towers. When your car moves up the ramp the two towers rise so high that it brings you happiness; their structure is so pure, so resolute, so regular that here, finally, steel architecture seems to laugh. The car reaches an unexpectedly wide apron; the second tower is very far away; innumerable vertical cables, gleaming against the sky, are suspended from the magisterial curve which swings down and then up. The rose-colored towers of New York appear, a vision whose harshness is mitigated by distance.

– Le Corbusier

Art, technology, and utility meet in New York’s mighty bridges. First came the serene gothic stone arches of John Roebling’s Brooklyn Bridge- the world’s first steel suspension bridge. When it was completed in 1883, it was the tallest structure in the Western Hemisphere. At 1,600 feet from tower to tower, it was the longest span in the world, forever changing the relationship between overcrowded Manhattan and its surrounding boroughs. Moving north up the East River, the Beaux-Arts Queensboro Bridge, completed in 1909, is capped with ornamental turrets and evokes something darker, heavier, and more mysterious. The Hudson Palisades-spanning George Washington Bridge, completed as the country descended into the Great Depression, was originally intended to be covered in stone. But when the architects saw the exposed steel, with its elegant, honest expression of structure, they realized that the bridge was, in fact, already finished.

These landmark bridges inspired American composer Michael Torke’s 2015 piano concerto, Three Manhattan Bridges, a work the composer describes as “a valentine to New York.” It’s music filled with jazzy optimism and echoes of Gershwin, Ravel, and Rachmaninov. In his program notes, Torke offers this description:

There is a muscular, industrial strength that bridges convey, while at the same time a poetic beauty expressed. Music works in a similar way, in that it combines ideas of formal masculinity with graceful femininity without these extremes being in conflict or contradicting one another…A commanding, chordal theme that opens the first movement imparts the tensile strength and monumentality of the George Washington Bridge, and yet the music becomes extremely active as the busy traffic on the bridge would be. The moody, night‐time setting of the second movement whose opening woodwind shapes echo the curving cables lit up after dark might call to mind the famous dawn scene in Woody Allen’s Manhattan. A somewhat jazzier third movement, with its broad second theme seemed fitting for one of our country’s oldest and certainly the most famous suspension bridge.

Three Manhattan Bridges was written for, and dedicated to, pianist Joyce Yang. Here is her recording, released last September, with the Albany Symphony Orchestra led by David Alan Miller.

I. George Washington Bridge:

II. Queensboro Bridge:

III. Brooklyn Bridge: 


About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

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