Apocalyptic Serenity: The Final Movement of Messiaen’s “Quartet for the End of Time”

The eighth and final movement of Olivier Messiaen’s Quartet for the End of Time fades into numb, detached serenity. It’s a quiet lament, simultaneously comforting and haunting.

Messiaen wrote this music as a prisoner in the Nazi war camp, Stalag VIII at Görlitz, Germany. He was captured as a French soldier during the German invasion of France in 1940. The premiere took place on the cold, rainy night of January 15, 1941. The audience of around 400 was made up of prisoners and guards. The instrumentation reflects what was available to Messiaen in the camp- clarinet, violin, cello, and piano. Only half of the movements are scored for all four instruments, together. The final movement, “Praise to the immortality of Jesus,” is for violin and piano.

Messiaen’s inscription in the score references the Book of Revelation:

In homage to the Angel of the Apocalypse, who lifts his hand toward heaven, saying, ‘There shall be time no longer.’

We’ll explore the complete work, with its magical birdsongs and time-altering irregular meters, in a future post. For now, just listen…


  • Messiaen: Quartet for the End of Time, Peter Serkin, Ida Kavafian, Fred Sherry, Richard Stoltzman iTunes

Photograph: musicians at the Stalag VIIIA prison camp

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

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