Bach’s Partita No. 1 in B-flat Major, BWV 825: Music of “Spiritual Delight”

Published in 1726, the Partita No. 1 in B-flat Major, BWV 825 is the first of a set of six keyboard suites which J.S. Bach composed between 1725 and 1731.

Following the English and French Suites, this music was groundbreaking, both technically and musically. Bach referred to it as his “opus 1,” and offered it “to music lovers in order to refresh their spirits.” Here, Bach is cast in the role of teacher. The Partitas unfold as sublime and intimate exercises which have the potential to evoke a sense of “spiritual delight.” In 1802, the composer’s first biographer, Johann Nikolaus Forkel, reported that

This work made in its time a great noise in the musical world. Such excellent compositions for the clavier had never been seen and heard before. Anyone who had learnt to perform well some pieces out of them could make his fortune in the world thereby; and even in our times, a young artist might gain acknowledgment by doing so, they are so brilliant, well-sounding, expressive, and always new

The Baroque Partita is a collection of dance forms made up of the allemande, courante, sarabande, and gigue. Here, Bach augments the form with an introductory praeludium and two penultimate minuets. Each dance is set in a two part form in which the initial music is repeated (ABA), giving us a sense of moving away and returning. The lamenting Sarabande, which forms the Suite’s midpoint, feels like a mystical improvisation. The concluding Gigue erupts into brilliant virtuosic fireworks.

This performance by the Canadian harpsichordist and organist, Mark Edwards, was recorded on June 3, 2021 as part of the Netherlands Bach Society’s All of Bach initiative. Edwards plays an instrument built in 1989 by Bruce Kennedy based on a model by Michael Mietke (c. 1656/1671 – 1719). The location was the Philharmonie, Haarlem.

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

2 thoughts on “Bach’s Partita No. 1 in B-flat Major, BWV 825: Music of “Spiritual Delight””

  1. This reminds me of Herman Hesse’s Magister Ludi (The Glass Bead Game), where a young Ludi is taught with simple musical exercises at a keyboard. This is the beginning of his instruction in the game. It’s a good read.

  2. Bach at his most lyrical, dynamic, playful and spiritual. This body of piano work will outlast the churches in which they were first performed and perhaps invented.

    As long as people are around, Bach will be played, enjoyed and loved. Whether you have heard it a thousand times or never before – give it a listen right now.


Leave a Comment