Autumnal Ives

Earth rests! Her work is done, her fields lie bare,
and ‘ere the night of winter comes
to hush her song and close her tired eyes,
She turns her face for the sun to smile upon
and radiantly, radiantly, thro’ Fall’s bright glow,
he smiles and brings the Peace of God!

These lines may have been written by Harmony Twichell, the wife of Charles Ives. They form the text of Ives’ hypnotic 1908 song, Autumn. Listen to the way the persistent chords in the piano’s low register evoke a sense of icy detachment. Ives’ music has a unique way of inhabiting the world of dreams, emerging out of nowhere and then dissolving just a quickly. Here, it’s easy to get the sense that only a small portion of a much longer, mostly unheard song has drifted into our consciousness.

The first movement of Ives’ Second Violin Sonata provides a slightly different take on Autumn, perhaps allowing us to drop in on a far-off, nineteenth century New England Revival meeting. The opening movement is built on a hymn tune called Autumn by François H. Barthélemon (1741-1808). The second movement, In the Barn, is an increasingly wild hoe-down in which hints of “Turkey in the Straw” blend with “Battle Cry of Freedom.” Again, surreal bits and pieces which come together and vanish in a musical dreamscape. The final movement, The Revival, breaks off in mid-sentence

Take a moment and listen to Barthélemon’s original hymn tune. Then, pay attention to the way the melody sneaks into Ives’ Sonata:


  • The Complete Songs of Charles Ives, Vol. III, William Sharp, Steven Blier Albany Records
  • Charles Ives: Four Sonatas, Hilary Hahn, Valentina Lisitsa iTunes

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

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