Grieg’s Holberg Suite: Baroque Dances in the Scandinavian Woods

In December of 1884, the city of Bergen, Norway celebrated the 200th birthday of one of its most famous natives, the satirist and playwright Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754). In honor of the event, Edvard Grieg, Bergen’s most famous composer, was commissioned to write a festive cantata and an instrumental work. While the cantata is now largely forgotten, the Holberg Suite became one of Grieg’s most enduring works.

The five-movement suite, titled “From Holberg’s Time,” was written originally for solo piano. It pays homage to the Baroque keyboard music of Holberg’s time, while anticipating twentieth century neoclassical works such as Stravinsky’s Pulcinella. In this music, elegant eighteenth century dance forms appear through the prism of nineteenth century Romanticism. Shortly after the premiere, Grieg scored the Holberg Suite for string orchestra.

The opening Praeludium is an exuberant and buoyant musical “call to order.” The Sarabande which follows enters a serene and intimate world, with the nostalgic voice of the solo cello. The stately Gavotte is followed by an Air, marked Andante religioso, which contains echoes of the famous Air from J.S. Bach’s Orchestral Suite No. 3. The concluding Rigaudon is a fun-loving romp, with a duet between the solo violin and viola. Beyond its allusions to the Baroque period, the Holberg Suite contains moments of mystery and brooding which seem to emerge from dark Scandinavian forests.

This 2016 performance features the Netherlands Chamber Orchestra:


  • Grieg: Holberg Suite, Op. 40, Ole Kristian Ruud, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra Amazon

Featured Image: Bergen, Norway waterfront

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

1 thought on “Grieg’s Holberg Suite: Baroque Dances in the Scandinavian Woods”

  1. Many years ago I visited the Edvard Grieg Memorial Concert Hall in Bergen, Norway. This spectacular hall and setting made a lasting impression on me. Its sweeping auditorium before a wall of glass gradually descended as if it were going to go right into the lake. It is a beautiful tribute to the eminent composer. Then many years later I visited the concert hall of the Institute of Contemporary Art here in Boston. It had the same concept….a sweeping auditorium gradually descending as if it were going right into Boston Harbor. I have often wondered if the Grieg Hall was the inspiration for the ICA architects!


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