Wagner’s “Das Rheingold” Prelude: Currents in E-Flat Major

Das Rheingold, the first opera in Richard Wagner’s mythic Ring Cycle, begins as a distant, barely-audible rumble in the dark, murky depths of the orchestra. Entering one by one in cool, overlapping sonic currents, eight horns announce the Ring‘s expansive, rising “nature” motive. It’s a gradual, primal awakening- 136 bars and over four minutes of pure, unending E-flat major. We’re forced to confront the power and majesty of the basic, fundamental elements of sound and harmony. Rapidly-rising torrents of raw energy surge through the string section. The river is eternal.

Music critic Barry Millington writes,

The simple, protracted E-flat chords that open the tetralogy do more than depict the depths of the Rhine: they also suggest the birth of the world, the act of creation itself.

Near the end of the Prelude the curtain rises on Scene 1, set at the bottom of the Rhine River, and we encounter three Rhinemaidens, water nymphs from ancient German folklore.

When Das Rheingold was premiered in 1869, Wagner’s gradually developing evocation of floating underwater must have shocked audiences. At moments, the music seems as “contemporary” as the atmospheric soundscapes of John Luther Adams (compare it with pieces like Become Ocean and Dark Waves). It isn’t far from the gradually-developing minimalism we hear in the Prelude to Philip Glass’ 1983 opera, Akhnaten.

Here is Georg Solti’s 1958 recording with the Vienna Philharmonic:


  • Wagner: Das Rheingold, Georg Solti, Vienna Philharmonic Amazon
  • Das Rheingold complete opera, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Orchestra della RAI Roma (1953)
  • Das Rheingold complete opera, Herbert von Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic (1968)
  • Das Rheingold complete opera, Pierre Boulez, Bayreuth Festival (1980)
  • Das Rheingold in concert, Sir Simon Rattle and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (2004)

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

3 thoughts on “Wagner’s “Das Rheingold” Prelude: Currents in E-Flat Major”

  1. E flat major is the oldest sound?

    1. E flat major is a key not a sound
    2. Telescopes pick up light, not sound
    3. …. since sound cannot travel through a vacuum can you explain how astronomers have detected sounds beyond our atmosphere?


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