Menotti’s “Amahl and the Night Visitors”: The First Television Opera

On Christmas Eve, 1951, opera moved into the television era.

On this evening, the premiere of Gian Carlo Menotti’s Amahl and the Night Visitors was broadcast live from NBC’s studio 8H in Rockefeller Center. The NBC Opera Theatre performance was seen by an estimated five million viewers across the country. Set in one act, it was the first opera to be composed specifically for television.

Menotti was inspired by The Adoration of the Magi, a nativity scene by the Dutch Renaissance painter, Hieronymus Bosch. The painting, on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, unlocked the composer’s memories of his childhood in Italy, where children received Christmas gifts from the Three Kings. He discussed the genesis for the work in a brief introduction at the beginning of the broadcast.

Amahl and the Night Visitors is the story of a crippled boy and his mother who are visited by the three gift-bearing kings, who are on their way to Bethlehem. Nearly beggars, Amahl and his mother can offer the regal travelers little more than “a cold fireplace and a bed of straw.” Amahl, who walks with the aid of a crutch, was a shepherd until his mother was forced to sell his sheep. The pastoral melody of his shepherd’s pipe becomes a kind of loose leitmotif, heard in the opening and closing of the work. Amahl and the Night Visitors enters the imaginal world of childhood. It is a piece infused with magic and mystery. Its drama illuminates a world that is all too often deaf and deprived.

Here is the original, historic 1951 telecast, featuring Chet Allen as Amahl. This was the inaugural production of the Hallmark Hall of Fame. It’s a testament to the spirit of exuberant creativity and experimentation that marked the early days of television.


Featured Image: The Adoration of the Magi by Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516)

About Timothy Judd

A native of Upstate New York, Timothy Judd has been a member of the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. He is a graduate of the Eastman School of Music where he earned the degrees Bachelor of Music and Master of Music, studying with world renowned Ukrainian-American violinist Oleh Krysa.

The son of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons at the age of four through Eastman’s Community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champions of the Suzuki method in the United States.

A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a private violin studio in the Richmond area since 2002 and has been active coaching chamber music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.

In his free time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team Physical Training program.

3 thoughts on “Menotti’s “Amahl and the Night Visitors”: The First Television Opera”

  1. I first met David Aiken and Menotti during my undergraduate studies at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music many years ago. In addition to creating Melchior’s role, David directed Amahl productions across the US. I was blessed to sing in and conduct several of those performances, including a 50th-anniversary production of the opera in December of 2001, not long before David’s death.

  2. “Amhal” was the highlight (besides getting presents) of my childhood Christmases, showing on TV in Chicago. It was gorgeously beautiful, and dangerous. I never thought I would be able to see it again. Thank you. Thank you.


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